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Current Officers


John Powell

I have worked on commons resources for a large part of my academic life. An early introduction through undergraduate debate over the concept of the ‘tragedy of the commons’ spurred an interest in the institutional aspects of natural resources management. This led to PhD research exploring how to change the reference frame of decision makers in order to improve management and protection of groundwater resources. Since then I have worked on valuation of a wide range of ‘shared’ resources including surface water, contaminated land, upland vegetation, marine fisheries, and air quality.
I became more directly focused on commons governance when I was invited to join the UK Department for Environment and Rural Affairs (Defra) in 2003 as part of a team to develop new legislation on common land in England and Wales. I was tasked with designing new governance arrangements for managing common land that would balance the rights of commoners, landowners, and other interests. The work required finding a means of assigning state power to the local level that would ensure that individual rights and different interests were not over-ridden. The work involved close collaboration with other members of the team dealing with registration of rights and environmental protection for commons, and with government lawyers. Our approach required new deliberative consultation methods to understand and gain stakeholder support as the Government was not prepared to legislate in the face of opposition. The outcome was the Commons Act 2006, and the first new ‘Commons Council’ under the Act was established in 2014.
A major surprise, working in a large government department responsible for environmental and resource issues, was the almost complete absence of any conception of commons as a set of institutional arrangements that needed a different form of governance. I did not come across anyone, among civil servants or stakeholder interests, who was aware of Elinor Ostrom’s work, but quite a lot of people who had heard about ‘the tragedy of the commons’ (which, as far as they could see, was in fact playing itself out through overgrazing of the upland commons). For many civil servants, and government Ministers, the commons were either ‘a tragedy’, too difficult to comprehend, or both. I was therefore pleased to be appointed as Co-Director of the 2008 Biennial International conference in Cheltenham. The conference provided a major opportunity for the IASC to raise the profile of recent developments in commons theory, and to encourage attendance and involvement of UK policy personnel and practitioners.
More recent work on community renewable energy in the UK, rural development in Malta, and marine fisheries within the EU have indicated that Defra is not unusual and there is a ’knowledge deficit’ when it comes to considering policy solutions to commons problems. There are various causes including a failure to consider the role of institutional arrangements, the disciplinary backgrounds of those involved, and, more significantly, a lack of awareness of alternative approaches among those involved in the decision processes.
Yet these kinds of issues are precisely where a commons perspective, and the IASC, can make a major contribution. At a time when the current economic doctrine is increasingly being questioned and its weaknesses and gaps made more apparent, there is a need for developing stronger theoretical underpinnings for alternative forms of resource ownership and governance. Examining these problems through the ‘lens of commons theory’ offers new insights and potential for new solutions, although this alone will not result in beneficial change.
The application of insights from commons theory will require the development of new understanding among policy makers, new ways of framing problems at all levels, and changes in institutional arrangements to enable practical application of ideas. Improving understanding of commons will continue to be a major role for the Association, as the foundation to support other activities: from theoretical development to policy application, and from re-framing through to institutional change. A strength of the IASC lies in bringing different disciplines together, as well as providing a forum where policy makers academics and practitioners can meet and exchange ideas and knowledge, and learn from each other; and the value should not be underrated, in terms of creativity, or the potential for reaching a wider audience. This type of activity is not easy, however, for any organisation, and friction should be expected as a result of different perspectives on what is important and where to focus action.
Enabling the IASC to flourish and reach its full potential will require a long-term strategy that addresses the needs of academics and practitioners as well as providing for a sound financial footing. The IASC has an opportunity to be a major influence in developing the thinking for solving shared resource problems at levels from the local to the global. In order to do this it needs to engage with a wide range of people, at both local and global scales, in different ways and with new audiences. The Association has made significant advances in communicating ideas through development of the Commons Digest, the International Journal of the Commons and improvements to the website. But the message is a complex one that requires explanation and deeper learning to be effective. The distance learning short courses currently being developed offer scope for delivering learning to a wider audience, and may also provide an income stream, but the Association needs to be ready to build on that experience, and explore how to reach more effectively into the policy arena. In particular, the IASC needs to find new ways to influence policy and lay audiences, and strengthen its position in the wider academic arena that is exploring similar problems from different perspectives. The regional and international conferences offer a major potential to contribute and it will be worthwhile looking for ways in which they can make a more lasting contribution in the areas where they are held.
I feel deeply honoured to have been nominated as a candidate for the presidency of the IASC and I look forward to being part of the process that makes the Association more active and effective in the coming decades.

Selected publications and references


Marco Janssen

In November 2016, Marco Janssen was elected by majority of votes as President-Elect. Marco is the director of the Center for the Behavior, Institutions and the Environment and a Full Professor in the School of Sustainability, both at Arizona State University (USA). He received his PhD in Mathematics in 1996 from Maastricht University (Netherlands) on integrated assessment modeling of global change. During the last 15 years he has increasingly worked on collective action and the commons at different scales, of different resources using different methods.

Since 1998 he has been involved with the Resilience Alliance working on the study of social-ecological systems and since 2000 his work on robustness of social-ecological systems was a joint venture with Marty Anderies and Elinor Ostrom. From 2002 till 2005 he was a research scientist at Indiana University, and in 2005 he moved to a regular faculty position at Arizona State University.

Most of his research is collaborative in international projects in which his involvement is largely related to the methodology. In 2010 he co-authored with Amy Poteete and Elinor Ostrom the book “Working Together” on the multi-method approach. Current research focuses on robustness of small-scale irrigation systems to climate change and globalization, and the ability of behavioral experiments as tool for catalyzing behavioral change of collective action problems.

Selected publications and references


School of Sustainability
Arizona State University
P.O. Box 875502
Tempe, AZ 85287-5502
Work Phone: (480) 727 7067

Immediate Past President

Tine de Moor

As a historian and environmental scientist my main interest goes to understanding why people set-up commons and other forms of institutions for collective action and how they manage to make their initiatives durable and resilient, why these institutions survive and thrive over the (very) long run. Many IASC-scholars have contributed to understanding these issues, many of whom have been working in Less Developed Countries where institutions for collective often still play an important role in daily live. However, in particular in times of political, economic and ecologic crises as we know today, it becomes clear that such institutions can also make a difference and can be a viable alternative in developed countries as well, where the principles of self-governance and cooperation have to a large extent been erased from the collective memory. And yet, there is a lot to learn from both the historical examples that have managed to survive centuries as from the present-day examples elsewhere, which are at the core of the IASC’s members’ interest. Being based in the Netherlands & Belgium, I witness on a daily basis new initiatives being set-up by “normal” citizens who choose collective action for an alternative model for their provision in energy, care, culture and other goods and services (see and www.iasc-commons/commonsinaction) for examples. New cooperatives and other types of collective governance, consumption and production play today a key-role in dealing with the failure of the market and the retreat of the welfare state. In dealing with these problems, European citizens rediscover self-governing institutions as a durable and well-functioning alternative. But these citizens also crave for knowledge, guidance in how to run such a self-governing institution. With our team in Utrecht, we support such initiatives with knowledge derived from our historical studies but also by demonstrating that much of the knowledge they need is already out there among the daily practitioners of the commons in Africa, Asia, Latin America. Our intention here is to more explicitly “reverse the knowledge chain” and find the knowledge where it is daily practiced. This process will also give more visibility to “knowledge common” the IASC itself already is. The IASC forms the ideal network environment to identify where the knowledge on self-governance, on cooperation and participation (and much more) that is needed is present - whether among scholars or practitioners - and to bring it where it is needed.

Over the next few years, I intend to contribute to strengthening the IASC further in various ways. Considering the current developments whereby self-governance and commons are being “rediscovered” as viable governance models, we can increase the involvement of citizens in the “science of cooperation” via various projects whereby the practitioners’ side of the IASC can play a very active role. The IASC can also be more than it is now a very suitable environment where scholars find each other for international collaboration projects on different aspects of the functioning of the commons. Lastly, I hope we can expand our network of and collaboration with more diverse institutional members so that we can further our impact on policy related to the many domains and regions in which the IASC is active.

I have been active in the Association since 2001 and served on the Executive Council from 2008 until present. From 2003 onwards I prepared, together with Erling Berge, the launch of the International Journal of the Commons in 2007, remained editor until the year after and I’m still a member of the editorial board. In 2006, I organized with Giangiacomo Bravo the regional European Conference of the IASC in Brescia. I am also a board member of the Elinor Ostrom Award for Collective Governance of Common Resources. Trained as a historian (Ghent, London) and environmental scientist (Antwerp) (Ph.D. history from Ghent University (Belgium), I am Full Professor on a chair entitled “Institutions for collective action in historical perspective” at Utrecht University in the Netherlands where I lead an interdisciplinary team of researchers on this topic, within the department of social and economic history. As one of the scholars involved in the Interdisciplinary Knowledge Institute “Institutions of the Open Society”, I have received a number of large research grants on commons and related issues. I have published in journals and books with varying disciplinary background, but most of my work deals with commons and other aspects of long-term change in Europe; besides I supervise research on cooperation and economic history in other parts of the world as well (Uganda, Uruguay). For further information about the research of our team, see:

Selected publications and references

Tine De Moor has published extensively on the issue of commons and other institutions for collective action. A list of publications of the last years can be found via


Tine De Moor
Department of History and Art History
Utrecht University
Drift 6
3512 BS Utrecht
The Netherlands
Phone: 00 31 30 253 64 60
Personal webpage

Executive Council

Catherine M. Tucker

Catherine M. Tucker is Associate Professor of Anthropology and Latin American Studies at the University of Florida, Gainesville. Her research unites interests in community-based natural research management, institutional analysis, and global change processes. Much of her work has focused on forest and watershed governance in Latin America, with particular interest in the emergence and maintenance of effective institutions, as well as their shortcomings. While studying transformation of communal forests in Honduras to coffee production, Catherine Tucker started working with smallholder coffee farmers; this evolved into an international, team project in Mesoamerica to understand farmers’ experiences with market volatility, environmental change, and alternative trade; this work has shown the resilience of smallholders and options for sustainable practices, while also exposing risks related to climate change and global market transformations. She is co-founder of the Mountain Sentinels Collaboration Network, which brings together scholars, practitioners and grassroots groups to share approaches toward building sustainability in mountain environments. Catherine's research has been deeply informed by Ostrom’s work on collective action and the commons; she is an affiliate of the Ostrom Workshop, and IASC-member since 1998. As an IASC board member, her main goal is to work enthusiastically to further expand IASC’s diversity and accessibility, and promote awareness of how commons research can contribute to wiser policy and practice, next to exploring new opportunities for commons scholars and practitioners, especially from the Global South. I would welcome ideas from members to expand IASC’s strengths.

Selected publications and references

Catherine M. Tucker authored two books: Changing Forests: Collective Action, Common Property, and Coffee in Honduras (Springer, ), and Coffee Culture: Local Experiences, Global Connections (Routledge, ), and has published in a number of peer-reviewed journals including the International Journal of the Commons, Human Ecology, and Global Environmental Change. An overview of selected publications can be found on her personal webpage.


Charles Schweik

I am a Professor of Environmental Conservation and Public Policy and Administration, the Interim Director of the School of Public Policy, and the Associate Director of the National Center for Digital Government at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Prior to joining the University of Massachusetts, Amherst in 1999, I received a PhD in Public Policy at Indiana University (1998), and a Masters of Public Administration from Syracuse University (1991). Before that, I was a programmer at IBM (1984-1989) after earning an undergraduate degree in Computer Science.

In the 1990s, I was a graduate student working with Elinor Ostrom on the study of forest and landcover change and common property field research. But around 1999, my computer science and my environmental commons backgrounds converged when I first began to understand the ideas behind open source software. I realized that open source software projects were a form of Internet-based common property regime. Moreover, the institutional innovation of “Copyleft” used in open source to promote sharing and new derivative work had great potential for Internet-based collective action beyond software. Consequently, I’ve spent much of the last decade studying how “commons-based peer production” in open source software works, and published an extensive empirical study on this topic in Internet Success: A Study of Open Source Software Commons (2012, MIT Press). I am now expanding my research to other Internet-based peer production settings, including: (a) open access and education; (b) citizen science crowdsourcing environmental (invasive species) monitoring; (c) open science, environmental justice, makers and makerspaces; and (d) the systematic study of Peer Production “Knowledge Commons” cases, working with my law colleagues Katherine Strandburg, Brett Frischman, and Michael Madison. In this latter effort, I co-chaired the 2nd IASC Thematic Conference on Knowledge Commons (September, 2014) at NYU and continue to be a member of IASC. Further, working with IASC, I was the lead author of a new IASC video introducing viewers to the “Knowledge Commons” concept.

I believe that having both a background in “traditional commons” research and the deep connection to these new Internet-based peer production commons provides me with a unique vantage point that I think could be beneficial for IASC. As an elected member of the Executive Council I hope to build a larger track in IASC related to these peer production knowledge commons. In this area, there is a broad community of “commoners” globally who utilize the Internet for collective action that are not well connected to IASC, providing a substantial growth opportunity for the association. In addition, I want to encourage IASC in the continued production of new forms of communication about commons issues, such as in their efforts to create “Commons in Action” videos, as well as other efforts to create open access educational or research materials on the commons. An example of this is the promotion of “open source science” approaches to studying environmental commons. One group I am affiliated with – the Public Laboratory for Science – is a peer production knowledge commons group working to promote low cost scientific instrumentation for environmental justice issues. Another group is “GeoForAll” with an interest in promoting open source geospatial technology education. Groups like PublicLab and GeoForAll are important international communities that should be connected or at least aware of IASC. I hope to help make those connections.

Selected publications and references


Department of Environmental Conservation and
Center for Public Policy and Administration
324 Holdsworth Way
University of Massachusetts
Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 USA
Telephone: (413) 230-4906

Everisto Mapedza

Everisto is currently a Senior Researcher with the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), based in Pretoria and will be moving to the IWMI West Africa office in Accra, Ghana in 2017. Prior to joining IWMI in 2006, Everisto was a Research Fellow at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Everisto Mapedza has a PhD from Edinburgh University, UK and a BSc and MSc from the University of Zimbabwe. His research is based on understanding the common property resources such as water, forestry and land and grounding them within the gendered livelihoods context. In Africa, the commons form a backbone for the livelihoods of poor men and women; the IASC has a key role in advancing the science of commons management through addressing challenges and enhancing the commons opportunities.

Everisto also provided research leadership through projects such as the Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF). The CPWF leadership entailed involvement from proposal development, research methodology development, data collection, analysis, and report writing. He also led the Southern Africa component of the Aquatic Agricultural Systems Program whose initial hub was the Barotse Flood Plain in Zambia. Everisto Mapedza is the Focal Point for the Dryland Systems Integrated Agricultural Production Systems for the Poor and Vulnerable in Dry Areas with IWMI’s research focussing on South Asia, Central Asia, West Africa, East and Southern Africa. He has also been actively involved in capacity building through co-supervision of PhD and MSc students, and has participated in most of the IASC conferences since 2000; he enjoys working in multicultural and multi-disciplinary teams addressing the different commons opportunities and challenges in the 21st century and beyond.

Selected publications and references

Everisto has published just over 20 peer reviewed journal and book chapters. He served as a managing co-editor for a part-special issue on the Commons which was published in the Water International Journal in 2014. He has also reviewed manuscripts submitted for publication consideration in a number of journals as well as proposals submitted for funding consideration by funders such as the Water Research Commission of South Africa.


Insa Theesfeld

Dr. Insa Theesfeld is an agricultural economist, specialized in institutional economics and resource economics. She received her doctorate degree from Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, in 2005. Her research fields compose the fit between policies foreseen to be implemented and the institutional arrangements in place and the creation of institutional arrangements by communities to govern their use of renewable natural resources at different scales. She has a strong methodological interest in institutional and policy analysis with a focus on power and leadership issues. Besides, a significant strand of her work has explored water resource management issues. She was a visiting scholar at the Ostrom Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis in 2005 and 2010. Since 2007, she is leading the research team “Institutions and Natural Resource Management” at the Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe in Halle, Germany and teaches at the Humboldt University Berlin.
She is a member of the Social-Ecological Systems Club, a scholar group in multiple locations initiated and led for several years by Lin Ostrom. The development of the Socio-Ecological Systems Framework and the integration of Socio-Technical System requirements into that is at its core and is likewise of high interest to many IASC academic scholars and practitioners handling concrete but complex socio-ecological questions.

Selected publications and references

For a full list please click here.


Telephone: +49 345-29 28 138
Fax: +49 345-29 28 199

Sheila Foster

Sheila R. Foster is University Professor and Walsh Professor of Law at Fordham University. She is also the Faculty Co-Director of the Fordham Urban Law Center and founder of the university-wide Fordham Urban Consortium. She served as Associate Dean and then Vice Dean of the Law School from 2008-2014. Professor Foster is the author of numerous publications on urban land use, environmental law, and environmental justice. Over the last two decades, she has worked with community-based groups, scholars, policymakers and governmental agencies to reform environmental and land use policies and practices consistent with the principles of environmental justice. Professor Foster was recently appointed to the New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC) which is investigating the relationship between climate change and inequality at the neighborhood level.

Professor Foster works together with Professor Christian Iaione of Labgov, LUISS University, on an international applied research project, the Laboratory for the Governance of the Commons (“LabGov”) based at LUISS Guido Carli in Rome and Fordham University in New York City. She has taught and conducted research internationally in Switzerland, Italy, France, England, Austria, Colombia, Panama, and Cuba. She will be an IASC-Council member for two years, filling the remainder of the remaining term of the newly elected President-Elect Marco Janssen.

Selected publications and references

Her most recent work explores urban land use through the lens of the “urban commons.” Land use scholars voted her article on Collective Action and the Urban Commons (Notre Dame Law Review, 2011) as one of the five best (out of 100) articles on land use published that year. Her most recent article (with C. Iaione) The City as a Commons is published in the Yale Law and Policy Review (2016). Professor Foster is also the coauthor of a groundbreaking casebook, Comparative Equality and Antidiscrimination Law: Cases, Codes, Constitutions and Commentary (Foundation Press, 2012). A list of selected publications can be found on professor Foster's personal webpage.


Xavier Basurto

I have been an active member of the IASC since the Bloomington meeting in 2000 (then IASCP). That meeting changed my life in many ways. It was there that I decided to study the commons and be a commoner. I was a masters' student at the time and was impressed by the relaxed and friendly atmosphere, its inclusiveness, inter and transdisciplinarity and diversity. The ease with which practitioners and academics talked to each other. It felt real. I was new to conferences and thought that all of them were like that! Now I know that the IASC is unique. I do not know any other forum where people come together from so many disciplines, sectors, and parts of the world to share experiences and ideas. The world needs more IASCs!! But that is not going to happen if we do not keep IASC's membership strong, and provide services that are relevant to the issues and challenges of our time. I want to serve in the IASC and help it become a role model for all the other academic and practitioner associations interested in addressing issues of local and global relevance. If we do so—and can only do it together—the world will be a better place than it is today.

Formal (and informal) training: My academic and professional training is based on the deep conviction that through integrating different disciplinary perspectives and methods we will be able to find solutions to challenging dilemmas facing local and global commons today. Trained as a marine biologist in Mexico (I am Mexican), I completed a M.S in natural resources studying small-scale fisheries in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Recognizing the need to bring social science theories into my work on common-pool resources sustainability, I earned a MPA and a Ph.D. in Management (with a minor in Cultural Anthropology) from the University of Arizona and under the supervision of Edella Schlager. Following grad school, I spent two years working with Lin Ostrom, at the Vincent and Elinor Ostrom Workshop for Political Theory and Policy Analysis of Indiana University. Currently, I am an assistant professor at the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University. In a previous life—that is before going to grad school—I worked as a scallop farmer in Nova Scotia, Canada.

Academic interests: I am interested in the fundamental question of how can social groups find ways to self-organize, cooperate, and engage in successful collective action for the benefit of the common good. To do this I strive to understand how the institutions that govern social behavior interplay with biophysical variables to shape social-ecological systems. What kinds of institutions are better able to govern complex-adaptive systems? And how can societies (large and small) develop robust institutions that provide enough flexibility for collective learning and adaptation in the long-term? You can learn more about my work and my research group at Duke at:

As a practitioner: In 1999 I was one of several friends that co-founded Comunidad y Biodiversidad Today CoBi is one of Mexico's leading marine conservation organizations with the mission to promote the conservation of coastal and marine biodiversity through community participation. Currently I serve in the board of directors providing technical research advice and general strategic counsel. I have also served in the boards of directors for other Mexican organizations. At the global level I currently serve in the Resilience Alliance’s board, a global network of scholars and practitioners interested in resilience issues. See

Selected publications and references


135 Duke Marine Lab Road, Beaufort, NC 28516
(252) 504-7540


René van Weeren

Executive Director


Utrecht University
Research Institute for History and Art History
Drift 6, room 1.09
3512 BS Utrecht
The Netherlands
(+31) (0) 30 253 63 28

Information Officer

Emily Castle


Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis
Indiana University
513 N. Park
Bloomington, IN 47408 USA
Phone: (812) 855-9636
Fax: (812) 855-3150

The International Journal of the Commons Editor-in-chief

Frank van Laerhoven

I study environmental governance, particularly the governance of ecosystems. My research agenda includes an interest in commons, socio-ecological systems, decentralization reforms, local democracy and participation, and the solving of collective action dilemmas. I currently work on the role of NGOs in stimulating collective action of CPR users (with Clare Barnes), and on the role of gender in adaptation strategies in response to climate change (with Azeb Assefa Mehra).

Selected publications and references

Barnes, C., & Van Laerhoven, F. (2013). Helping to Self-Help? External Interventions to Stimulate Local Collective Action in Joint Forest Management, Maharashtra, India: International Forestry Review, 15(1), 1-17.

Van Laerhoven, F., & Andersson, K. (2013). The virtue of conflict: an institutional approach to the study of conflict in community forest governance. International Forestry Review, 15(1), 122-135.

Van Laerhoven, F. (2010). Governing community forests and the challenge of solving two-level collective action dilemmas – A large-N perspective. Global Environmental Change, 20(3), 539-546.

Andersson, K, Gordillo, G., & Van Laerhoven, F. (2009). Local governments and rural development: comparing lessons from Brazil, Chile, Mexico, and Peru. Tucson, AR: University of Arizona Press.

Bartley, T., Andersson, K., Jagger, P., & Van Laerhoven, F. (2008). The contribution of institutional theories to explaining decentralization of natural resource governance. Society and Natural Resources, 21(2), 160-174.

Van Laerhoven, F., & Ostrom, E. (2007). Traditions and Trends in the Study of the Commons. International Journal of the Commons, 1(1), 3-28.
Andersson, K., & Van Laerhoven, F. (2007). From Local Strongman to Facilitator Institutional Incentives for Participatory Municipal Governance in Latin America. Comparative Political Studies, 40(9), 1085-1111.


Department of Innovation and Environmental Sciences
Utrecht University
Heidelberglaan 2
3584 CS Utrecht
The Netherlands
Phone: +31 30 2531036

Michael Lee Schoon

Michael Schoon is an assistant professor in Arizona State University's School of Sustainability, focusing on policy and governance in sustainable systems. His dissertation work at Indiana University's Ostrom Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, focused on transboundary protected areas or Peace Parks in southern Africa which won the American Political Science Association’s best dissertation award. Following that, he began as a research associate for the Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity, also at ASU, where he studies collaborative, cross-border institutional arrangements covering a range of environmental issues from biodiversity conservation to water sharing to fire management in the Arizona borderlands. His work combines multiple methodological approaches and looks at causal clusters for the formation and governance outcomes of institutional arrangements.
Dr. Schoon is active in international research communities on resilience, robustness, and complex systems through the Resilience Alliance and the Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics. He serves on the board for IUCN's Transboundary Conservation Specialist Group, which advises academics and practitioners on large-scale, cross-border conservation. Finally, he serves as co-Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of the Commons, the leading journal in common-pool resource management.

Selected publications and references

Schoon, Michael L. 2013. “Governance Structures in Transboundary Conservation: How Institutional Evolution Influences Cross-Border Cooperation”, Conservation and Society 11(4).

Schoon, Michael L. and Michael E. Cox. 2012. “Understanding Disturbances and Responses in Social-Ecological Systems”. Society and Natural Resources 25(2): 141-155.

Biggs, R. et al. 2012. “Toward Principles for Enhancing the Resilience of Ecosystem Services”, Annual Review of Environment and Resources 37: 421-48.

Schoon, Michael L., and Abigail M. York. 2011. "Cooperation across Boundaries: The Role of Political Entrepreneurs in Environmental Collaboration", Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research 3 (2): 113-123.

Robards, Martin, Michael Schoon, Chanda Meek, and Nathan Engle. 2011. “The Importance of Social Drivers in the Resilient Provision of Ecosystem Services”, Global Environmental Change 21 (2): 522-529.

Commons Digest Editor

Alyne E. Delaney

Alyne E. Delaney


Institute for Fisheries Management and Coastal Community Development,
P.O. Box 104
DK-9850 Hirtshals, Denmark
Phone:45 98 94 28 55
Fax: 45 98 94 42 68